*This article appeared in “Orientaliska Studier”, Issue 152, 2017
Here is a statement uttered by Ayhan Ogan, a member of The Central Decision and Executive Board of – the Justice and Development Party(AKP), on August 3, 2017 on a television program by CNNTurk: “We are founding a new state, head of which is Tayyip Erdogan, like it or not!”1
In fact, this is the answer to the question of ‘What is happening in Turkey, after all?’, a question that has not fallen from the agenda of national and international levels for a long time. With this statement, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been declared openly to transform the Republic of Turkey, based on democratic and secular principles, into a regime of autocracy under single-man and single-party rule.
Two events are of great importance in terms of Turkey’s reaching to this point. One of these is the coup attempt, which took place on July 15, 2016 and still retains the mysteries of its organizers and their purpose for the past 14 months. The second one is the referendum held on April 16, 2017 under state of emergency rules.
Aftermath of the coup attempt carries the analogy with the Reichstag fire that Hitler used in 1933 to destroy his opponents. Erdogan and his regime have seen the event as a blessing of God to himself and the new “planned to be established” regime has dismissed possible and assumed opponents from all sections of public institutions. According to the official statement made by the Minister of Interior Affairs, as of April 2, 2017, 113 thousand 260 people were taken into custody and 47 thousand 155 people were arrested.2 It is believed that these numbers have currently increased. The number of people who have been dismissed after this event has reached up to 140 thousand while the country has been governed by state of emergency for the last 14 months.
All news sources that have been deprived of freedom of speech and expression are controlled by state, either directly or indirectly. While 149 media outlets were closed, 231 journalists were arrested.3 According to the list published by the Contemporary Press Corps Association, as of February 27, 2017, half of the detained journalists in the world are in Turkey.4 Each passing day, a new one is being added to the reports and warnings issued by international organizations on human rights violations, torture, murder, rape and loss in Turkey. Till the date, 4317 prosecutors and judges were relieved from their duties, and many were arrested. Thus, a – law system that would make politically oriented decisions according to the wishes of the regime was established, and the regime’s oppression and control over the society came to an unquestionable point.
The most striking issue in this process is the alliance Erdogan made with Dogu Perincek, the President of the Vatan Party, and his team, whom he had previously targeted by means of the Ergenekon and Balyoz proceedings. The Perincek team, who received only %0.32 of the votes in the general elections of November 1, 2015, 5 and defined themselves as Nationalists, had the opportunity to settle in the posts at all levels of state following vast dismissals.
Under above-mentioned conditions, a referendum was held for a constitutional amendment that would allow Erdogan to become the only sovereign man of the state. In order to win the referendum, Erdogan has used all the means of the state in such a way that will eliminate the electoral equality. Those who would not vote in favor of the amendments were almost depicted as terrorists and homeland traitors, hence, directly interfering with the willpower of the masses. This was also reflected in the report of the OSCE delegation observing the elections, and many violations of the election security were expressed as well.6 Here you can’t call it democracy in any way, especially in an environment without proper election security and the rule of law. Ultimately, constitutional amendments were accepted by 51%. With this amendment, the separation of powers, the governability of the governance and the competence of the assembly have almost been abolished. The prime ministry was terminated and all of the executive authority was convened in the President. In short, the expression of “single man governance” officially came to life on the April 16 referendum.
The statement of Ayhan Ogan has been, in fact, declaring the obvious for the changing regime. When viewed from the outside, the dramatic changes in Turkey can be seen as an internal issue of a country. However, with its geostrategic location and its population of 80 million, this extraordinary situation in Turkey has potentially significant effects on a global scale. The new regime may impose critical risks and threats to associates and neighboring countries and the institutions of Turkish society. Before analyzing the aforementioned risks and threats, it is necessary to foresee what kind of country Turkey will turn into under a single man and one-party regime. At present, four main possibilities for the future of Turkey will be evaluated. These are as follows:
– Democratic and secular Turkey engaged to West,
– Turkey in the Axis of Russia,
– Iran-like Radicalized Turkey,
– Turkey in the Civil War under the threat of division.
Democratic and Secular Turkey engaged to West
Erdogan’s new Turkey is getting away from pro-Western politics and democratic values every passing day. Relations with the European Union (EU) are progressing in a vicious cycle centered on Syrian refugees. EU membership negotiations are almost halted. As a matter of fact, the European Parliament adopted a report in July, which suspended negotiations for Turkey.7 It is stated that the constitutional amendment package is not compatible with the principle of separation of powers and the Copenhagen Criteria. There have been many diplomatic crises in the last year, especially with Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, and Sweden. In this process, the EU countries have faced Erdogan’s frequent action of “dispensability” in domestic politics. Erdogan came to the power with a promise of leading the country to EU membership, democracy advancement and rule of laws. However, the one-man and the one-party regime does no longer need the support of the EU countries since those values and goals are no longer valid.
Erdogan changed the secular structure of the state altogether by using the regime as a political instrument. The authorities who are accepted by the society with religious identity, especially the Head of Religious Affairs, are working to close all the crimes of the regime, especially corruption and human rights, with religious arguments. For example, one of the newspapers of the regime, known as Yeni Safak published articles on Hayrettin Karaman’s fatwa to Erdogan “Corruption is not robbery. Of course, corruption is also a shame, a sin, and a crime, but this crime is not a crime of theft“. In doing so, he simply gave permission for corrupt regime.8
Opponents who do have pro-western values, believe in integration with the West in democracy and human rights, are undergoing political genocide under Erdogan’s oppressive regime. The number of political prisoners has passed the number of tens of thousands. Various kinds of torture that may come to mind are systematically carried out to inmates. The regime aims at preventing the latter from defending their beliefs even if they are released at one time in the future. Turkey becomes the second country which its freedom has deteriorated the most, according to Freedom House 2017 Freedom Index. In other words, Erdogan turns the entire country into a prison.
Erdogan is able to arrest everybody, i.e. from an ordinary citizen in the street up to the members of the constitutional court of the highest judicial organ of the country, claiming to be associated with the Gulen Movement, contrary to the principle of individuality. The arrest of people with the charge of belonging to a group only, seizure and dismissal of their property, torture and depriving them of basic human rights reminds the Hitler’s treatment against Jews for their own identity.
It is clear that Turkey is far from being a pro-Western, democratic and secular country. It is very unlikely in current conditions that this option comes forward in the short and medium term.
Turkey in the Axis of Russia
In recent years, Turkey-Russia convergence, which is increasingly advancing, has mutual interests. Erdogan’s regime uses Russia as an instrument of balance and blackmail against the US and the EU. Russia, on the other hand, dreams of having Turkey under its own control, politically and economically. Facing international sanctions after the annexation of the Crimea and the Ukrainian Crisis, Russia has gained the opportunity to mitigate its effects through Turkey. The fact that Turkey is a NATO member has enabled Russia to use Turkey to influence the integrity of NATO and the decision-making process. Moreover, Turkey’s geographical position is vital for Russia’s Middle East, Caucasus and Black Sea politics. Putin, who blamed Erdogan and his family for cooperating with the ISIS terrorist organization, had provided concrete evidence in this regard, however, after seeing the opportunities presented by the regime, improved diplomatic relations rapidly. Russian President Vladimir Putin’s Foreign Relations Chief Advisor Aleksander Dugin said the following during a visit to Turkey immediately after the coup attempt, “Our relations are at the point of moving from a tactical dimension to a strategic dimension. Social, economic issues, tourism and energy fields will come after a strategic partnership. Our public offices are ready for it” revealing the pathway of relations between Russia and Turkey.
Perincek group plays a key role in Turkey-Russia rapprochement. Dogu Perincek declared that they themselves played a key role in overcoming the crisis between Russia and Turkey after Turkey dropped the Russian plane. In their own newspaper, the Aydınlık Newspaper and National TV, pro-Russian publications are common and it is argued that Turkey is occupied by western imperialist states, especially by the USA, and it is also supported that Turkey shall be allied with Russian Federation, China, and Iran. This group has been strengthened in many organs of the state, especially in Turkish Armed Forces and the judiciary, and has begun to play a leading role in the regime. Recently, this group sent delegations to Russia, Iran, and China to negotiate and, hence, secret negotiations are being undertaken on behalf of Turkey. Perincek argues that Turkey should remove itself from the US, NATO, and the EU, and, that Russian alliance in every field would benefit the country. The first phase of the plan to pull Turkey out of NATO was partly achieved with the dismissal of all personnel who served in NATO and trained in the US from Turkish Armed Forces. It was also possible for Russia to control and direct the state levels of the country from the inside through Perincek group. Several meetings between senior executives of the Vatan Party with Alexander Dugin recently just serves as a proof.
The military rapprochement between the two countries continues in a mysterious and dangerous way. After 11 years, September 2016, a visit was made by Russian side to Turkey at the level of Chief of General Staff for the first time. Following the visit, the Turkish Chief of General Staff visited Russia with the Undersecretary of National Intelligence Organization twice in five months, on November 1, 2016, and March 11, 2017.9 It is of the special importance that all these visits take place after the July 15 coup attempt. Despite the fact that Turkey is a NATO country, the acquisition of S-400 Air Defense missiles from Russia is the epitome of military rapprochement.
Erdogan in his declaration on November 2016 put forward the Shanghai Organization led by Russia and China as an alternative to the EU. The most striking part of his words: “Why should Turkey not be in Shanghai 5?” I say this to Putin, to Nazarbayev, and to those in Shanghai 5. Mr. Putin also stated that currently, they were evaluating it.”10 With his statement, Erdogan also pointed out the desire to pull the direction of the country from the west towards the east under the Erdogan regime. As a summary, Turkey is rapidly becoming closer to Russia and the Perincek Group plays a special and mysterious role in this rapprochement.
Iran-like Radicalized Turkey:
Society is rapidly becoming radical in an unprecedented extent in the Republican history. The government-controlled written and visual media, as well as messages and perception management through social media, have important roles in the radicalization of the society through both under. Erdogan uses all kinds of possibilities of the state to cultivate his supporters like militants and to pave the way for them to fill the structure of a militia organization. The state institutions, especially the Department of Religious Affairs and the Ministry of National Education, completely abuse the religious values of the society. Sacred identity is given to Erdogan and his demands are raised to a level of a religious rule which cannot be questioned at all. AKP Party Duzce Deputy Fevzi Arslan said the followings in a speech to AKP supporters: “Today in Turkey there is a leader who gathers all the qualities of the Sublime God upon himself.”11 His very words are the most definite example of the sanctification of Erdogan with his expressions. There is a part of society that says that they can die, kill and commit any kind of murder without hesitation for Erdogan, and these people are supported by open and implicit state facilities instead of being tried. Following the coup attempt on July 15, radicals poured down to the streets by Erdogan, in the same way ISIS does, by cutting off the heads of students of the Military Academy and lynching their soldiers. In the process of radicalization, the AKP does not only remain within the borders of Turkey but also radicalizes its supporters abroad, especially in Europe, and transforms them into blackmailing materials against the countries they live in.
Religion is distorted by new discourses and practices and has spread to every level of the state. Erdogan is creating a perception of a savior for the Islamic world. In the eyes of Erdogan’s supporters, he is seen as ‘caliph’ the holy leader of the Islamic world. As a matter of fact, Abdurrahman Dilipak, the author of Yeni Akit newspaper, one of Erdogan’s regime’s propaganda newspapers, exposed Erdogan’s secret agenda and wrote, “Tayyip Erdogan will probably appoint a consultant to him from all the Islamic districts in this sense and will open the representatives of the Islamic Union in all those 1005 rooms in Bestepe.”12 At present, the secular structure of the Republican regime is almost gone.
When the Erdogan regime is compared to the Iranian regime, many similarities draw attention:
• While there is a religious leader in Iran, a holy identity that cannot be questioned, at the head of the regime, Erdogan is the only man in Turkey to be sanctified by perception management.
• Similar to the militia organization known as Basij, which is used against the regime opponents in Iran, it is constituted by various structures in Turkey such as the Ottoman Quarries, the Turkish Youth and Education Service Foundation (TURGEV), Social Fabric and Cihannuma Association. In other words, members of the society and associations are armed in case of an attack against the regime.
• Similar to Republican Guards, who are assigned to protect the regime in Iran, Turkey is provided by the structure known as SADAT. The founder of SADAT, Adnan Tanrıverdi,a retired General, was appointed by Mr. Erdogan as the head consultant. Since then the very organization started to be structured as an alternative force to the Turkish Armed Forces. There are many claims that SADAT was also involved in the finalization of the July 15 coup attempt as the regime intended it to.
• Both in Iran and in Turkey, intelligence agencies target regime opponents, thus, human abductions and unsolved murders are increasing day by day.
• Another noteworthy point is that while the radicals and the nationalists allied against the Shah in the Iranian revolution, in Turkey, the Erdogan regime allied itself with the Perincek group, which defined themselves as Nationalists, thus, suppressing the democratic segment of society.
There are allegations that bureaucrats and politicians, who are active at both the state and the party level, have ties to Iran and are aiming to establish an Iranian-like regime in Turkey. Furthermore, it is alleged that the bureaucrats are in contact with the Selam Tevhid Organization, which was accused of the murder of journalists and intellectuals like Ugur Mumcu and Ahmet Taner Kışlalı. Erdogan regime closed the investigation that deciphered the organization completely in 2014 and released the arrested members of it. It is even better understood why the investigation was closed by the regime when it was taken into consideration that National Intelligence Organization Undersecretary Hakan Fidan, who is Erdogan’s secret cube, was accused of being an ‘Iranian agent’ and a member of a criminal organization within the scope of the investigation.. Another thing worthy of attention is that press and broadcasting organizations under control of the regime are trying to represent the members of that organization as victims and heroes to society.
It is known that the Erdogan regime has supported Iran openly and implicitly in the face of international sanctions against Iran. The proximity to Iran in the military field does also attract attention. For the first time in 46 years, the Iranian Chief of General Staff has visited Turkey and stated that the two countries will share intelligence and cooperate operationally. The corruption network of Erdogan and his bureaucrats have already been put forward in the case of Reza Zarrab, an Iranian businessman who has already been charged for violating the International Emergency Economic Power Act of the United States, fraud and money laundering against the US banking system. In other words, as the case progresses, we may gain more information about the regime’s covert ties with Iran.
As a result, a radical Turkey and Iran-like state structuring is visible without any additional foresight.
Turkey in Civil War Under the Threat of the Division:
The key actor of this possibility is the Kurdish people and politics, which are already in great silence. Hundreds of Kurdish politicians, mainly People’s Democratic Party leader Selehattin Demirtaş, were arrested. The reaction of the Kurds against all these arrests, known as Kobani Actions on October 6-7, 2014 and prevented by Abdullah Ocalan’s commissioning, resembles the silence before the storm. A referendum has just been held on the establishment of an independent Kurdistan in Northern Iraq. The steps of establishing an independent Kurdish state in the region have begun to be expressed clearly in the international domain. At present, all law enforcement officers, especially the Armed Forces of Turkey, have largely lost both functional and operational capabilities. These weaknesses in these institutions, where the trained personnel were dismissed, have greatly increased the sensitivity of Turkey to the threat of division. The Southeast has become open to any kind of intervention from outside. This is why, it has become to be a country that can be divided at any moment by an intervention either from outside or from the inside.
The Erdogan regime has already put into practice a project under the name of ‘Kurdish Initiative’ and made promises to increase the Kurdish democratic and political rights. However, just as he did in the EU accession process, Erdogan abandoned the initiative after reaching his political aims. Subsequently, operations were organized in many provinces and cities in the Southeast, targeting the city formation of The Kurdistan Workers’ Party. Consequently, Kurds were left under two fires. In these operations, not only the cities were destroyed but also the confidence of the Kurdish people was torn down. On the path emerging from the Kurdish initiative, the Erdogan regime has left the Kurds on the lurch, and instead of giving them democracy, arrested democratic representatives of them one by one. For this reason, there is a mass of people waiting for the smallest spark to occur in the South East so that they would make the Erdogan regime to pay the price.
An independent Kurdish state in the south-east part of Turkey seems unacceptable for Turkish people who have sacrificed tens of thousands of martyrs in the struggle with the terrorist group, Kurdistan Workers’ Party, for years. This is why there may start a process leading up to the civil war because of the Kurdish issue in the country. Instead of unifying the masses, Erdogan regime’s separating politics, as well as its hateful and hostile messages, can turn this into a more gory process.
In fact, the chances of general chaos and civil war in Turkey are not limited to the Kurdish issue. The regime’s oppression of all the people other than its supporters as well as its increasing interventions into peoples’ lives day by day creates a silent and angry mass. In the 2013 Gezi Parki movement, the silent mass oppressed by the regime had confronted and the greatest civil protest of the history of the country emerged. Erdogan has directly targeted the protesters who participated in this event and considered it as a threat to the integrity of the country. The statement of Erdogan which is “There is at least 50% of the population that we currently hold in their homes”, shows that society can be dragged into chaos and conflict.13
There is a possibility of great chaos in the case of the end of the alliance between Erdogan and Perincek and the unfinished showdown and revenge. Failure in the relationship of Perincek group that strengthened within the Turkish Armed Forces and weaponized militia structure of Erdogan’s regime may result in peoples’ being poured out into streets and fatal outcome of hundreds and thousands. Although people poured out into streets by the demand of Erdogan in the coup attempt of July 15, soldiers who participated in the coup attempt surrendered on by own. This event was turned into a heroic epic. On the event of an actual coup, those very people may pay a heavy price for being manipulated by Erdogan.
The above probabilities are the foresight that comes to mind at first. The possibilities can be increased further on or one can take place at the same time as the other. A radicalized Turkish version of civil war can also emerge. But the important point here is that if pro-Western Democratic Turkey is not to be realized, then there will be great risks and threats both to the Turkish Community and Turkey’s conventional allies such as the US, the EU, and NATO.
Reflections on the European Union:
The probability that the individuals targeted by Erdogan’s regime will survive in the country under the current conditions is decreasing day by day. Grudge and hatred discourses and continuing illegal practices without setting aside women, elderly or children are increasing each day.
Human rights violations, unlawfulness, oppression, and persecution will force most part of the society to abandon their country and a great wave of immigration to EU countries may begin. In the case of division and civil war, it will reach a point where such an immigration wave is out of control. Given the fact that EU is having a hard time with the Syrian refugee problem expressed in thousands, it would be harder to tackle a migration from Turkey that could reach millions. When Turkey is considered to have direct borders with EU countries, a large wave of migration from Turkey will directly become the EU’s issue.
The process of radicalizing Erdogan’s supporters consists of having a people mass that can be used to create chaos and turmoil. The relations of Erdogan and his family with radical terrorist groups, especially with ISIS, are expressed at the international domain. This year they put the concept of “jihad” in the national education curriculum as another imperative of Islam, and the discourses about how jihad is an important show that the society is systematically radicalized under the name of jihad. These people, radicalized by Erdogan and the regime, are regarded as being easy to access for radical terrorist organizations, especially by ISIS. That is why millions of regime supporters can be used in terrorist activities either openly or secretly. Those people, who lost their awareness by perception management, ,they might have already involved in crimes that would not be reversible when they realize the reality. In this case, the whole world, especially the EU, would have to struggle with a terrorist organization supported by state facilities.
In countries of EU where radicalized supporters of AKP, Erdogan’s control can create chaos environments and further terrorist activities. In many speeches of Erdogan, there are threats and blackmails towards the EU countries. In the past, examples of this happened in Germany and the Netherlands. Germany has clearly expressed the discomfort of National Intelligence Agency’s efforts to manipulate and control the Turkish nationals in the country.
For example, Erdogan called on Turks living in Germany not to vote for political parties he accused of verbally attacking Turkey. Erdogan said that Germany’s Christian Democrats and Social Democratic Party — the two ruling parties –, as well as the Greens “, are all enemies of Turkey” and he directly asked “I think Turkish voters should teach a necessary lesson at the ballot box to those political parties who are so aggressive and disrespectful toward Turkey.” This call is considered to intervene in Germany’s internal affairs. It is also important to realize that this kind of intervention is a result of the lack of international reaction against Erdogan’s unlawful ambitions.
Reflections on the USA:
Turkey, with its current strength and geographical location, has a vital prospect in controlling the Middle East, the Caucasus and the Black Sea basin. Taking into consideration that the current administration has estranged Turkey from pro-US and NATO-led politics, there is no chance that it will act jointly with the region. The current administration is largely under the influence of Russia and Iran. For this reason, the compromises due to its the Eastern Axis approachment are only contributing to the authoritarian march of the country, while turning its direction more towards the east.
US bases in the region, primarily Incirlik, are under security threat under this regime. It is not hard to predict what AKP supporters would do, considering the fact that they are radicalized enough to kill even their own troops as in the July 15 incidents, could do to US troops. The conspiracy of the bloodthirsty death of the US Consul in Libya in 2012 has not yet been erased from the memories. Radicalized and ISIS-minded AKP militias have demonstrated to the world in the events of July 15th that they will be able to do such atrocities.
In the declaration of the Prime Minister Binali Yildirim and AKP executives, they clearly stated that the US supported the July 15 coup attempt. This was a part of the demonization of the US in the presence of its supporters. As a matter of fact, under the Erdogan regime, in April 2017, Turkey ranked to be among the first ten countries that most hated the USA, with %73 of the votes.14 The fact that nearly all of those trained in the US were dismissed from the Turkish Armed Forces after 15 July, reveals once again the point of view of this administration.
The Syrian policy followed by Turkey does not coincide with the policies of the USA. The Erdogan regime has supported ISIS directly and indirectly, and this support continues to change according to the conjuncture. In the mid-term, Turkey’s inconsistent foreign policy and recent Russian influence are at greatest risk for the US in Syria and the Middle East politics. As a matter of fact, the unreliability of the current administration became very obvious when the Anadolu Agency, Official State Agency, shared the locations of the US military units in Syria.
Erdogan regime downgrades democratic values, does not recognize basic principles of law and human rights, completely abolishes freedom of the press and, moreover, its corruption files are rising day by day. The continuing relationship of the United States with a government that lacks such core values will be questioned more and more every other day. It is disappointing that the United States, which is a role model in the eyes of these people, has been unresponsive in a period of systematic torture and extortion against civilians who believed in democracy and human rights and against soldiers who served in many geographies for the world peace. The United State’s stance, remaining as a spectator to the demolition of democracy in Turkey, is unacceptable, considering the fact that Turkey has been seen as a role model for decades with its secular democracy, and that the United States had even run the risk of war for democracy and human rights in other places of the world.
Reflections on NATO:
Almost all Turkish Armed Forces personnel who had command and operational experience within NATO were either dismissed or arrested by the AKP government. This has largely abolished the interoperability of the Turkish Armed Forces in all activities carried out under the NATO. Furthermore, AKP constitutes a fully self-contained armed force like the one of the Republican Guards in Iran. When this structuring under control of SADAT is completed, the Turkish Armed Forces will mostly lose effectiveness. Considering the fact that Turkey is the second country with the largest manpower after the US in the alliance, it is clear that this will greatly affect the force structure of NATO.
Both the AKP and Perincek group are questioning Turkey’s NATO membership and are making plans to terminate it. Turkey is of particular importance for NATO today, especially after the Russian threat has reemerged. These governing policies will limit NATO’s operational capability in the region. Disagreements in the military fields with the other Member States, particularly Germany, are also undermining Turkey’s credibility in the alliance. The AKP administration can block NATO’s decision-making process by using its existing veto power.
Turkey has entered into a rapid rapprochement process with Russia after the July 15th. The new staff assigned to the NATO’s command and force structure was selected among officer and petty officers, who mostly supported pro-Russian politics. This staff has access to all the information in NATO’s Top Secret level. The possibility of sharing the information with Russia is very high. As a matter of fact, successive visits of the Turkish Chief of General Staff together with the National Intelligence Agency Undersecretary to the Russian Federation for the first time in the history of the Republic and the meetings with the Russian authorities at the headquarters are direct means of this concern. In short, Russia has reached a position to access all the cosmic information of NATO through Turkey. In addition, Russia can use Turkey as a pawn within NATO.
NATO’s silence regarding unlawful treatment and human rights violations against members of the Turkish Armed Forces who previously served in NATO creates questions about institutional personnel policies. It is regrettable that the NATO personnel policy has ploughed. This issue has a potential to damage organizational identity and loyalty.
Turkey is heading in a direction where chaos and uncertainty dominate at a greater speed under Erdogan’s regime. This brings with it risks and threats that could have impacts on a global scale. Turkey has begun to shift to the axis of Russia by leaving conventional pro-western policies. The biggest threat is the possibility of employment of the masses, radicalized by the ISIS mentality, for terrorism under regime support. Basic human rights of millions of people in the country have been taken away. If chaos and tension turn into a civil war, a great wave of immigration is inevitable.
The human history has witnessed many ill-minded leaders who came to power by giving all kinds of promises and upon seizing power, caused tragedies to all humanity, especially to their own nation for the sake of their personal interests and ambitions. Erdogan is dragging Turkish people to such a tragedy, and no proper response is given from the international domain to this situation. Being apathetic to the current situation is due to the fact that the real danger is not recognized or that these developments are perceived as an internal issue of Turkey. However, it should not be forgotten that compromises and unresponsiveness in the face of the Hitler’s oppressive, manipulative and aggressive administration in the recent past resulted in more aggressive attitudes and the loss of lives of millions of innocent people in the second world war. History is repetitive and hundreds of thousands of innocent people are paying the price of unresponsiveness to Erdogan who has transformed his supporters into militants. The wait for its explicit global impacts in order to tackle this tragedy will be a historical mistake.